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Programmes for Eradication of Child Labour

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NATIONAL LEGAL RESEARCH DESK

The Government is contemplating certain amendments to Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 which includes making penalties more stringent for those who employ child labourers. Accordingly the Ministry of Labour and Employment is implementing National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme in 266 districts of the country for eradication of child labour. Under Grant in Aid Scheme, funds to the extent of 75% of the project cost are released directly to the NGOs for elimination of the child labour in the districts which are not covered under the National Child Labour Project. Apart from this, Government is taking various proactive measures towards convergence of schemes of different Ministries like Ministry of Human Resource Development, Women & Child Development, Urban Housing & Rural Poverty Alleviation, Rural Development, Railway, Panchayati Raj Institutions etc. so that child labour and their families get covered under the benefits of the schemes of these Ministries. Further the Ministry is implementing a pilot Project Converging Against Child labour–support for India’s Model in collaboration with International Labour Organisation funded by US Department of Labour with the objective to contribute to the prevention and elimination of hazardous child labour, including trafficking and migration of child labour.  As per 2001 census, the total number of working children between the age group 5-14 years in the country was 1.26 crore. However, as per NSSO survey 2009-10, the working children are estimated at 49.84 lakh which shows declining trend. The State-wise information is given as under:

Data on Child Labour based on Employment Unemployment Survey during NSS 66th Round (2009-10) 

Sr. No. Major State all India   Age group 5-14
Rural

Urban

Male Female Male Female
1 Andhra Pradesh 88156 110191 20767 15548
2 Assam 144655 31909 11833 757
3 Bihar 224292 38665 11017 2548
4 Chhattisgarh 3669 7321 636 0
5 Delhi 18576 0
6 Gujarat 150487 207973 15945 16282
7 Haryana 22664 17471 28073 3988
8 Himachal Pradesh 2300 2942 2156 0
9 Jammu & Kashmir 11274 16872 1139 0
10 Jharkhand 63684 14661 4123 0
11 Karnataka 89796 113429 20793 2479
12 Kerala 1182 0 0 1583
13 Madhya Pradesh 91454 32812 57688 9063
14 Maharashtra 66370 127996 54230 12077
15 Orissa 54390 38288 36522 5363
16 Punjab 16802 6433 15664 9937
17 Rajasthan 93055 261871 43184 7826
18 Tamil Nadu 0 13880 3471 0
19 Uttarakhand 14810 7239 3219 2103
20 Uttar Pradesh 1012294 546320 147820 68899
21 West Bengal 357265 134657 31946 27716
All India 2511101 1727271  546897  198602

 

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