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Laws on Children need to be implemented and monitored





Childline India Foundation v. Allan John Waters, (2011) 6 SCC 261

“Article 45 has provided that the State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all the children until they complete the age of fourteen years. This directive principle signifies that it is not only confined to primary education, but extends to free education whatever it may be up to the age of 14 years. Article 45 is supplementary to Article 24 on the ground that when the child is not to be employed before the age of 14 years, he is to be kept occupied in some educational institutions. It is suggested that Article 24 in turn supplements clauses (e) and (f) of Article 39, thus ensuring distributive justice to children in the matter of education. Virtually, Article 45 recognises the importance of dignity and personality of the child and directs the State to provide free and compulsory education for the children up to the age of 14 years.”

 “The Juvenile Justice Act was enacted to provide for the care, protection, treatment, development and rehabilitation of neglected or delinquent juveniles and for the adjudication of such matters relating to, and disposition of, delinquent juveniles. This is being ensured by establishing observation homes, juvenile houses, juvenile homes or neglected juveniles and special homes for delinquent or neglected juveniles.”

 “Even in Vishal Jeet v. Union of India [(1990) 3 SCC 318 : 1990 SCC (Cri) 482] , this Court issued several directions to the State and Central Government for eradicating child prostitution and for providing adequate and rehabilitative homes well manned by well qualified trained senior workers, psychiatrists and doctors.”

“The above analysis shows that our Constitution provides several measures to protect our children. It obligates both Central, State and Union Territories to protect them from the evils, provide free and good education and make them good citizens of this country. Several legislations and directions of this Court are there to safeguard their intent. But these are to be properly implemented and monitored. We hope and trust that all the authorities concerned through various responsible NGOs implement the same for better future of these children.”


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