NATIONAL LEGAL RESEARC DESK
Many women CPI (Maoist) cadres of Odisha, Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand and other States, who have surrendered, have disclosed several instances of sexual exploitation in Maoist camps. Such instances of sexual exploitation include rape, forced marriage and molestation by senior male CPI (Maoist) cadres. Recently in Chhattisgarh, some surrendered CPI (Maoist) male cadres disclosed that they were forced by the senior leadership to undergo vasectomy operation as a pre-condition for marriage with women cadres.
During an operation launched by the Border Security Force (BSF) in January, 2012 at a naxal hideout in Niliguda forest, PS Podia, District Malakangiri, Odisha, a large number of pregnancy test kits, condoms, contraceptive pills, etc. were recovered. Such recoveries have also been made in other States. There are allegations that women cadres of CPI (Maoist), who become pregnant, are forced to undergo abortion against their will. The surrendered women cadres have also disclosed that even if they are married to male cadres, they are not allowed to give birth to children since the senior leadership of CPI (Maoist) feel that it impairs their fighting capability and mobility.
This problem has to be seen in the overall context of LWE menace. This was stated by Shri Jitendra Singh, Minister of State of Home Affairs in a statement laid in the Rajya Sabha today. Police and public order being State subjects, action with regard to the law and order lies primarily in the domain of State Governments concerned. However, the Central Government closely monitors the situation and supplements the efforts of State Governments over a wide range of issues, both on security and development fronts. This includes deployment of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), help to State Governments towards capacity building of State Forces and implementation of wide range of development schemes in Left Wing Extremism (LWE ) affected States. The State Governments initiate legal action when they receive complaints of sexual exploitation of women Maoist cadres, under the relevant provisions of law.