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Violation of Child Labour Act



The Union Labour & Employment Minister Shri Mallikarjun Kharge has informed the Rajya Sabha  that as per 2001 census, the total number of working children between the age group 5-14 years in the country was 1.26 crore. However, as per NSSO survey 2009-10, the working children are estimated at 49.84 lakh which shows declining trend. Under Section 3 of the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986, prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in 18 Occupations and 65 Processes. Any person who employs a child in any occupation or process where employment of children is prohibited under the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, is liable for punishment with imprisonment for term which shall not be less than 3 months but which may extend to one year or with fine ranging from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/-. States/UT Governments are appropriate Government for implementation of the Child Labour(Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986 in the areas comes under their jurisdiction . As per the available information State-wise prosecution launched during 2010 & 2011 is as per Annexure-I.  The Minister was replying to a written question whether it is a fact that some State Governments could not prevent the increasing number of child labour and whether Government has instructed the State Governments to take stringent action against those who violates Child Labour Act; and the State-wise details thereof and the total number of casesbooked under this act last year?

State-wise data  on Prosecution


No. of Prosecution

  2010 2011
Andmn&Nico I. U.T. NA NA
Andhra Pradesh 74 NA
Arunachal Pradesh NA NA
Assam 6 NA
Bihar 632 576
Chandigarh    U.T. 33 Nil
Chhattisgarh 62 NA
Dadra & Nagar H. U.T. NA NA
Daman & Diu U.T. Nil Nil
Delhi U.T. 313 2
Goa Nil Nil
Gujarat 112 71
Haryana 210 82
Himachal Pradesh 22 44
Jammu & Kashmir 22 42
Jharkhand 14 NA
Karnataka 479 232
Kerala NA NA
Lakshadweep UT Nil Nil
Madhya Pradesh 5772 170*
Maharashtra 25 11


Meghalaya NA 2
Mizoram Nil Nil
Nagaland Nil Nil
Orissa 21 397
Pondicherry   U.T. Nil 10
Punjab 654 251
Rajasthan 18 38
Sikkim NA NA
Tamil Nadu 38 26


Uttar Pradesh 356 NA
Uttaranchal 2 5
West Bengal Nil 8



  1. Extending hearty gratitude for the invaluable update on violation of child labour act. It’s a great initiative to protect the rights of children.
    Thanks and Regards


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